The Human Genome

Written By Paul F. Kisak
The Human Genome
  • Publsiher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 27 April 2016
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
  • Pages : 616 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled The Human Genome written by Paul F. Kisak which was release on 27 April 2016, this book published by Createspace Independent Publishing Platform. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: The human genome is the complete set of nucleic acid sequence for humans (Homo sapiens), encoded as DNA within the 23chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. Human genomes include both protein-coding DNA genes and noncoding DNA. Haploid human genomes, which are contained in germ cells (the egg and spermgamete cells created in the meiosis phase of sexual reproduction before fertilization creates a zygote) consist of three billion DNAbase pairs, while diploid genomes (found in somatic cells) have twice the DNA content. While there are significant differences among the genomes of human individuals (on the order of 0.1%), these are considerably smaller than the differences between humans and their closest living relatives, the chimpanzees (approximately 4%) and bonobos. The Human Genome Project produced the first complete sequences of individual human genomes, with the first draft sequence and initial analysis being published on February 12, 2001. The human genome was the first of all vertebrates to be completely sequenced. As of 2012, thousands of human genomes have been completely sequenced, and many more have been mapped at lower levels of resolution. The resulting data are used worldwide in biomedical science, anthropology, forensics and other branches of science. There is a widely held expectation that genomic studies will lead to advances in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and to new insights in many fields of biology, including human evolution. There are an estimated 20,000-25,000 human protein-coding genes. The estimate of the number of human genes has been repeatedly revised down from initial predictions of 100,000 or more as genome sequence quality and gene finding methods have improved, and could continue to drop further. Protein-coding sequences account for only a very small fraction of the genome (approximately 1.5%), and the rest is associated with non-coding RNA molecules, regulatory DNA sequences, LINEs, SINEs, introns, and sequences for which as yet no function has been determined. The total length of the human genome is over 3 billion base pairs. The genome is organized into 22 paired chromosomes, plus the X chromosome (one in males, two in females) and, in males only, one Y chromosome. These are all large linear DNA molecules contained within the cell nucleus. The genome also includes the mitochondrial DNA, a comparatively small circular molecule present in each mitochondrion. Basic information about these molecules and their gene content, based on a reference genome that does not represent the sequence of any specific individual, are provided in the following table. This book is an excellent overview of the human genome, the genetics involved and DNA.

The Human Genome

The Human Genome
  • Author : Paul F. Kisak
  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release Date : 2016-04-27
  • Total pages : 616
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : The human genome is the complete set of nucleic acid sequence for humans (Homo sapiens), encoded as DNA within the 23chromosome pairs in cell nuclei and in a small DNA molecule found within individual mitochondria. Human genomes include both protein-coding DNA genes and noncoding DNA. Haploid human genomes, which are ...

The Human Genome

The Human Genome
  • Author : Julia E. Richards,R. Scott Hawley
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2011-01
  • Total pages : 585
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : First ed. by R. Scott Hawley and Catherine A. Mori....

Curiosity Guides The Human Genome

Curiosity Guides  The Human Genome
  • Author : John Quackenbush
  • Publisher : Charlesbridge
  • Release Date : 2011-02-01
  • Total pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : The DNA sequence that comprises the human genome--the genetic blueprint found in each of our cells--is undoubtedly the greatest code ever to be broken. Completed at the dawn of a new millennium, the feat electrified both the scientific community and the general public with its tantalizing promise of new and ...

The Human Genome in Health and Disease

The Human Genome in Health and Disease
  • Author : Tore Samuelsson
  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release Date : 2019-02-07
  • Total pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : The human genome is a linear sequence of roughly 3 billion bases and information regarding this genome is accumulating at an astonishing rate. Inspired by these advances, The Human Genome in Health and Disease: A Story of Four Letters explores the intimate link between sequence information and biological function. A range ...

Evolution of the Human Genome II Human Evolution Viewed from Genomes

Evolution of the Human Genome II  Human Evolution Viewed from Genomes
  • Author : Naruya Saitou
  • Publisher : Evolutionary Studies
  • Release Date : 2022-05-13
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : This two-volume set provides a general overview of the evolution of the human genome; The first volume overviews the human genome with descriptions of important gene groups. This second volume provides up-to-date, concise yet ample knowledge on the genome evolution of modern humans. It comprises twelve chapters divided into two ...

The Deeper Genome

The Deeper Genome
  • Author : John Parrington
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2017-08-24
  • Total pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : Over a decade ago, as the Human Genome Project completed its mapping of the entire human genome, hopes ran high that we would rapidly be able to use our knowledge of human genes to tackle many inherited diseases, and understand what makes us unique among animals. But things didn't turn ...

Life Script

Life Script
  • Author : Nicholas Wade
  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release Date : 2002-03-02
  • Total pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : With the decoding of the human genome, researchers can now read the script in which evolution has written the program for the design and operation of the human body. A new generation of medical treatments is at hand. Researchers are developing therapies so powerful that there is now no evident ...

God Ethics and the Human Genome

God  Ethics and the Human Genome
  • Author : Mark Bratton
  • Publisher : Church House Publishing
  • Release Date : 2009
  • Total pages : 154
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : Advances in genetic science and medicine raise questions for us all, such as: How far should we intervene in 'natural' processes? How far should we go to alleviate suffering? What constitutes a worthwhile life? Exploring these questions and more, this book considers theological, ethical and legal aspects relating to the ...

Understanding the Human Genome Project

Understanding the Human Genome Project
  • Author : Michael Angelo Palladino
  • Publisher : Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Total pages : 36
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : A brief booklet that explains in accessible language what readers need to understand about The Human Genome Project (HGP). This reference tool presents the background, findings, scientific and medical applications, social and ethical implications, and helps readers understand timely issues concerning The Human Genome Project. This brief 32 page booklet is ...

The Human Genome Project and the Future of Health Care

The Human Genome Project and the Future of Health Care
  • Author : Thomas H. Murray,Mark A. Rothstein,Robert F. Murray, Jr.
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 1996-12-22
  • Total pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : "The volume deserves our serious attention. The authors have provided us an invaluable primer about the HGP and its implications for the future of American health care." -- Jurimetrics "This book does make a real contribution... in explaining why the genetics revolution holds so much promise and why it is ...

Justice and the Human Genome Project

Justice and the Human Genome Project
  • Author : Timothy F. Murphy,Marc A. LappĂ©
  • Publisher : University of California Press
  • Release Date : 2018-07-10
  • Total pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : The Human Genome Project is an expensive, ambitious, and controversial attempt to locate and map every one of the approximately 100,000 genes in the human body. If it works, and we are able, for instance, to identify markers for genetic diseases long before they develop, who will have the right to ...

Biotechnology and the Human Genome

Biotechnology and the Human Genome
  • Author : Benjamin Barnhart
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1988-10
  • Total pages : 175
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : This book is based on the proceedings of the Science Writers Workshop on "Biotechnology and the Human Genome: Innovations and Impacts" held at the Brookhaven National Laboratory on September 14-16, 1987. The aim of this workshop which was sponsored by the Office of Health and Environmental Research of the Department of ...

How the Human Genome Works

How the Human Genome Works
  • Author : Edwin H. McConkey
  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Total pages : 118
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : This book covers the exxential principles of genetics in a readable, accessible format using real-life examples of the way genes affect human behavior, health and illness, development and evolution....

Human Genome Structure Function and Clinical Considerations

Human Genome Structure  Function and Clinical Considerations
  • Author : Luciana Amaral Haddad
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-09-19
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : Download or read online Human Genome Structure Function and Clinical Considerations written by Luciana Amaral Haddad, published by Springer Nature which was released on . Get Human Genome Structure Function and Clinical Considerations Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Perilous Knowledge

Perilous Knowledge
  • Author : Tom Wilkie
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 1993-01-01
  • Total pages : 195
  • ISBN : 9781532979767
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Summary : The Human Genome Project has been called a scientific "search for the Holy Grail" or the genetics equivalent of the moon race. Thousands of researchers worldwide are analyzing the details of human DNA, hoping to identify all of the tens of thousands of human genes that are the blueprint for ...