Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence

Written By Tshilidzi Marwala
Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 15 May 2021
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
  • Pages : 232 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence written by Tshilidzi Marwala which was release on 15 May 2021, this book published by Academic Press. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: Intelligent machines are populating our social, economic and political spaces. These intelligent machines are powered by Artificial Intelligence technologies such as deep learning. They are used in decision making. One element of decision making is the issue of rationality. Regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) require that decisions that are made by these intelligent machines are explainable. Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence proposes that explainable decisions are good but the explanation must be rational to prevent these decisions from being challenged. Noted author Tshilidzi Marwala studies the concept of machine rationality and compares this to the rationality bounds prescribed by Nobel Laureate Herbert Simon and rationality bounds derived from the work of Nobel Laureates Richard Thaler and Daniel Kahneman. Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence describes why machine rationality is flexibly bounded due to advances in technology. This effectively means that optimally designed machines are more rational than human beings. Readers will also learn whether machine rationality can be quantified and identify how this can be achieved. Furthermore, the author discusses whether machine rationality is subjective. Finally, the author examines whether a population of intelligent machines collectively make more rational decisions than individual machines. Examples in biomedical engineering, social sciences and the financial sectors are used to illustrate these concepts. Provides an introduction to the key questions and challenges surrounding Rational Machines, including, When do we rely on decisions made by intelligent machines? What do decisions made by intelligent machines mean? Are these decisions rational or fair? Can we quantify these decisions? and Is rationality subjective? Introduces for the first time the concept of rational opportunity costs and the concept of flexibly bounded rationality as a rationality of intelligent machines and the implications of these issues on the reliability of machine decisions Includes coverage of Rational Counterfactuals, group versus individual rationality, and rational markets Discusses the application of Moore's Law and advancements in Artificial Intelligence, as well as developments in the area of data acquisition and analysis technologies and how they affect the boundaries of intelligent machine rationality

Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence

Rational Machines and Artificial Intelligence
  • Author : Tshilidzi Marwala
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2021-05-15
  • Total pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Intelligent machines are populating our social, economic and political spaces. These intelligent machines are powered by Artificial Intelligence technologies such as deep learning. They are used in decision making. One element of decision making is the issue of rationality. Regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) require that ...

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Rational Decision Making

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Rational Decision Making
  • Author : Tshilidzi Marwala
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2014-10-20
  • Total pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Develops insights into solving complex problems in engineering, biomedical sciences, social science and economics based on artificial intelligence. Some of the problems studied are in interstate conflict, credit scoring, breast cancer diagnosis, condition monitoring, wine testing, image processing and optical character recognition. The author discusses and applies the concept of ...

Causality Correlation and Artificial Intelligence for Rational Decision Making

Causality  Correlation and Artificial Intelligence for Rational Decision Making
  • Author : Tshilidzi Marwala
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2015-01-02
  • Total pages : 208
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Causality has been a subject of study for a long time. Often causality is confused with correlation. Human intuition has evolved such that it has learned to identify causality through correlation. In this book, four main themes are considered and these are causality, correlation, artificial intelligence and decision making. A ...

Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Ethics of Artificial Intelligence
  • Author : S. Matthew Liao
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Total pages : 542
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : "Featuring seventeen original essays on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) by some of the most prominent AI scientists and academic philosophers today, this volume represents the state-of-the-art thinking in this fast-growing field and highlights some of the central themes in AI and morality such as how to build ethics ...

Artificial Intelligence and Economic Theory Skynet in the Market

Artificial Intelligence and Economic Theory  Skynet in the Market
  • Author : Tshilidzi Marwala,Evan Hurwitz
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2017-09-18
  • Total pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : This book theoretically and practically updates major economic ideas such as demand and supply, rational choice and expectations, bounded rationality, behavioral economics, information asymmetry, pricing, efficient market hypothesis, game theory, mechanism design, portfolio theory, causality and financial engineering in the age of significant advances in man-machine systems. The advent of ...

Rational Responses to Risks

Rational Responses to Risks
  • Author : Paul Weirich
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Total pages : 282
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : "A philosophical account of risk, such as this book provides, states what risk is, which attitudes to it are rational, and which acts affecting risks are rational. Attention to the nature of risk reveals two types of risk, first, a chance of a bad event, and, second, an act's risk ...

Machine Learning

Machine Learning
  • Author : Lawrence Birnbaum,Gregg Collins
  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Total pages : 661
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : The proceedings of the Eighth International Workshop (ML91) held at Northwestern U., Evanston, Illinois, in June 1991. All papers contain new work, new results, or major extensions to prior work. Topics include automated knowledge acquisition, computational models of human learning, constructive ind...

Rational Learning

Rational Learning
  • Author : Jonathan Matthew Gratch,Gerald DeJong,University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Department of Computer Science
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1993
  • Total pages : 32
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Download or read online Rational Learning written by Jonathan Matthew Gratch,Gerald DeJong,University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Department of Computer Science, published by which was released on 1993. Get Rational Learning Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence
  • Author : Blay Whitby
  • Publisher : Oneworld Publications Limited
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Total pages : 144
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : This jargon-free guide introduces the futuristic world of Artificial Intelligence, the science of creating machines that can think for themselves....

Artificial Intelligence and its Impact on Business

Artificial Intelligence and its Impact on Business
  • Author : Wolfgang Amann,Agata Stachowicz-Stanusch
  • Publisher : IAP
  • Release Date : 2020-06-01
  • Total pages : 213
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are one of top investment priorities in these days. They are aimed at finding applications in fields of special value for humans, including education. The fourth industrial revolution will replace not only human hands but also human brains, the time of machines requires new forms of ...

God from the Machine

God from the Machine
  • Author : William Sims Bainbridge
  • Publisher : Altamira Press
  • Release Date : 2006
  • Total pages : 179
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : A demonstration of how religion and religious belief can emerge using computer simulations...

Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge

Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge
  • Author : Johan van Benthem
  • Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann Pub
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Total pages : 339
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Proceedings of the biennial Conferences on Theoretical Aspects of Reasoning about Knowledge and Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge. Current volume: 8th Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge....

Rational Hunches and Policing

Rational Hunches and Policing
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Total pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Download or read online Rational Hunches and Policing written by , published by which was released on 2007. Get Rational Hunches and Policing Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence

Proceedings of the     International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2001
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Download or read online Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence written by , published by which was released on 2001. Get Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Do the Right Thing

Do the Right Thing
  • Author : Stuart Jonathan Russell,Eric Wefald
  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Total pages : 200
  • ISBN : 9780128206768
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Summary : Like Mooki, the hero of Spike Lee's film "Do the Right Thing," artificially intelligent systems have a hard time knowing what to do in all circumstances. Classical theories of perfect rationality prescribe the "right thing" for any occasion, but no finite agent can compute their prescriptions fast enough. In Do ...