Plato on God as Nous

Written By Stephen Menn
Plato on God as Nous
  • Publsiher : Unknown
  • Release : 21 June 1995
  • ISBN : 0987654321
  • Pages : 86 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled Plato on God as Nous written by Stephen Menn which was release on 21 June 1995, this book published by Unknown. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: This book is the first sustained modern investigation of Plato's theology. A central thesis of the book is that Plato had a theology--not just a mythology for the ideal city, not just the theory of forms or the theory of cosmic souls, but also, irreducible to any of these, an account of God as Nous (Reason), the source of rational order both to souls and the world of bodies. The understanding of God as Reason, and of the world as governed directly or indirectly by Reason, is worked out in the dialogues of Plato's last period, the Statesman, Philebus, Timaeus, and Laws. These dialogues offer a strategy for explaining the physical world that goes beyond anything in the middle dialogues, and gives the best starting point for understanding the cosmologies and theologies of Aristotle, the Stoics, and later ancient thinkers. Menn focuses on the Timaeus as Plato's most sustained effort to provide what (according to the Phaedo) Anaxagoras had failed to deliver: an explanation of the world through Reason, showing that things are as they are because it is best, or because it best serves the order of the world as a whole. Anaxagoras was disappointed because he explained things through their material constituents, without explaining why the constituents are ordered as they are; but the theory of forms has the same defect, since itcannot explain why different parts of the universe participate in different forms according to a particular order. The Timaeus and other late dialogues attempt to supply the missing explanation of the ordering of the physical world. These dialogues do not retreat from the middle dialogue theory of forms, nor do they escape into an esoteric theory of numbers; but they add to the middle dialogues an analysis of the principles necessary to account for the existence and partial intelligibility of the sensible world--not only forms and a material substance but also Nous and souls. Although the demiurge of the Timaeus (and his counterpart the Nous of Philebus) is represented as a cause both to souls and bodies, most scholars have been reluctant to identify the demiurge as a being separate from and superior to souls, because they think that both the meaning of the Greek word nous and Plato's own statements require that Nous iseither a kind of soul (mind or rational soul) or something inseparable from souls (rational mental activity). Reexamining the linguistic evidence and the Platonic texts, Menn argues that nous can mean something separate from souls, namely the virtue of rationality or intelligence that souls participate in. Menn argues that Anaxagoras' Nous should be construed as such a virtue; then he examines what status this virtue has in the context of the Platonic theory of forms, and how itis a cause both to souls and to bodies. Soul plays a crucial role in mediating the causality of Nous and introducing rational order into the world of bodies, but neither soul in general nor the world-soul in particular can be identified with Nous. Menn stresses the pre-Socratic context for the cosmology and theology of Plato's late dialogues; he argues for the importance of Diogenes of Appolonia in particular, and he reconstructs a possible new fragment of Diogenes from the Timaeus and from the Hippocratic treatise On Breaths. In the Timaeus and other late dialogues Plato attempts to do better than his predecessors by standards implicit in Socrates' critique of Anaxagoras in the Phaedo, but what Plato offers remains consciously provisional. Aristotle argues that the Timaeus remains liable to some of the same criticisms that Socrates had leveled against Anaxagoras, and Aristotle's own cosmology and theology take up Plato's challenge to carry out Anaxagoras' promise of an explanation of the world through Nous, and attempt to improve on the Timaeus asPlato had improved on Anaxagoras. In this way the Timaeus serves as an essential starting point, not onlyfor those later ancient philosophers who took it as an authoritative statement on the world and on God but also for those who took it as a challenge to do better.

Plato on God as Nous

Plato on God as Nous
  • Author : Stephen Menn,Stephen Philip Menn
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Total pages : 86
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : This book is the first sustained modern investigation of Plato's theology. A central thesis of the book is that Plato had a theology--not just a mythology for the ideal city, not just the theory of forms or the theory of cosmic souls, but also, irreducible to any of these, an ...

Plato s Gods

Plato s Gods
  • Author : Professor Gerd Van Riel
  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • Release Date : 2013-08-28
  • Total pages : 146
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : This book presents a comprehensive study into Plato's theological doctrines, offering an important re-valuation of the status of Plato's gods and the relation between metaphysics and theology according to Plato. Starting from an examination of Plato's views of religion and the relation between religion and morality, Gerd Van Riel investigates ...

God Forms in Plato

God   Forms in Plato
  • Author : Richard D. Mohr
  • Publisher : Parmenides Pub
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Total pages : 279
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Explores the formation of the cosmos and its relationship to God as indicated in the works of Plato. Original....

Plato Laws 10

Plato  Laws 10
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2008-02-07
  • Total pages : 248
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : The Laws is Plato's last and longest dialogue. Although it has been neglected (compared to such works as the Republic and Symposium), it is beginning to receive a great deal of scholarly attention. Book 10 of the Laws contains Plato's fullest defence of the existence of the gods, and his last ...

The Death of God

The Death of God
  • Author : Frederiek Depoortere
  • Publisher : T&T Clark
  • Release Date : 2008-04-28
  • Total pages : 207
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : A fascinating investigation into the history of the concept of God through Greek philosophy, Mediaeval theology, the Reformation to Early Modern philosophy....

Plato s Phaedo

Plato s Phaedo
  • Author : Gabriele Cornelli,Thomas M. Robinson,Francisco Bravo
  • Publisher : Academia Verlag
  • Release Date : 2019-01-04
  • Total pages : 407
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Der Tagungsband enthält eine Auswahl von 41 Vorträgen, welche von den Wissenschaftlern der IPS am 11. Symposium Platonicum in Brasilien unter der Schirmherrschaft der University of Brasília gehalten wurden. Der Band behandelt alle wichtigen Fragen im Zusammenhang mit der Interpretation von Platons Phaidon und der Rezeption dieses zentralen Dialogs ...

Plotinus the Platonist

Plotinus the Platonist
  • Author : David J. Yount
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release Date : 2014-10-23
  • Total pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : In this insightful new book David J. Yount argues, against received wisdom, that there are no essential differences between the metaphysics of Plato and Plotinus. Yount covers the core principles of Plotinian thought: The One or Good, Intellect, and All-Soul (the Three Hypostases), Beauty, God(s), Forms, Emanation, Matter, and ...

The Classical Weekly

The Classical Weekly
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1942
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Download or read online The Classical Weekly written by , published by which was released on 1942. Get The Classical Weekly Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Christ Plato Hermes Trismegistus

Christ  Plato  Hermes Trismegistus
  • Author : Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica (Amsterdam, Netherlands),Margaret Lane Ford
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Total pages : 410
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Download or read online Christ Plato Hermes Trismegistus written by Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica (Amsterdam, Netherlands),Margaret Lane Ford, published by which was released on 1990. Get Christ Plato Hermes Trismegistus Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Ancient Approaches to Plato s Timaeus

Ancient Approaches to Plato s Timaeus
  • Author : R. W. Sharples,Anne D. R. Sheppard,University of London. Institute of Classical Studies
  • Publisher : Institute of Classical Studies
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Total pages : 228
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Twelve academic essays, given during the Institute of Classical Studies research seminar in 2000 and 2001, examine Plato's vision of the real world' as he presented it in Timaeus while considering the text's influence on classical philosophers and scientists. Specific subjects include astronomy, the reactions of Aristotle and others to Timaeus, Hellenistic ...

The Concept of the Divine in Plato

The Concept of the Divine in Plato
  • Author : Patricia Katrina Slatin
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Total pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Download or read online The Concept of the Divine in Plato written by Patricia Katrina Slatin, published by which was released on 2005. Get The Concept of the Divine in Plato Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

Eric Voegelin s Search for Order in History

Eric Voegelin s Search for Order in History
  • Author : Stephen A. McKnight
  • Publisher : University Press of Amer
  • Release Date : 1987
  • Total pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Expanded and updated from the first edition published in 1978 by Louisiana State University Press....

American Journal of Philology

American Journal of Philology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1946
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Each number includes "Reviews and book notices."...

The Revolution of Ideas

The Revolution of Ideas
  • Author : G. Stuart Watts
  • Publisher : Sydney, N.S.W. : Hale & Iremonger
  • Release Date : 1982
  • Total pages : 399
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Download or read online The Revolution of Ideas written by G. Stuart Watts, published by Sydney, N.S.W. : Hale & Iremonger which was released on 1982. Get The Revolution of Ideas Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

The review of metaphysics

The review of metaphysics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1956
  • Total pages : 212
  • ISBN : 0987654321
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Summary : Download or read online The review of metaphysics written by , published by which was released on 1956. Get The review of metaphysics Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....