Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles

Written By Peter Gill
Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 10 June 2020
  • ISBN : 0128205687
  • Pages : 530 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles written by Peter Gill which was release on 10 June 2020, this book published by Academic Press. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: Over the past twenty years, there’s been a gradual shift in the way forensic scientists approach the evaluation of DNA profiling evidence that is taken to court. Many laboratories are now adopting ‘probabilistic genotyping’ to interpret complex DNA mixtures. However, current practice is very diverse, where a whole range of technologies are used to interpret DNA profiles and the software approaches advocated are commonly used throughout the world. Forensic Practitioner’s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles places the main concepts of DNA profiling into context and fills a niche that is unoccupied in current literature. The book begins with an introduction to basic forensic genetics, covering a brief historical description of the development and harmonization of STR markers and national DNA databases. The laws of statistics are described, along with the likelihood ratio based on Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and alternative models considering sub-structuring and relatedness. The historical development of low template mixture analysis, theory and practice, is also described, so the reader has a full understanding of rationale and progression. Evaluation of evidence and statement writing is described in detail, along with common pitfalls and their avoidance. The authors have been at the forefront of the revolution, having made substantial contributions to theory and practice over the past two decades. All methods described are open-source and freely available, supported by sets of test-data and links to web-sites with further information. This book is written primarily for the biologist with little or no statistical training. However, sufficient information will also be provided for the experienced statistician. Consequently, the book appeals to a diverse audience Covers short tandem repeat (STR) analysis, including database searching and massive parallel sequencing (both STRs and SNPs) Encourages dissemination and understanding of probabilistic genotyping by including practical examples of varying complexity Written by authors intimately involved with software development, training at international workshops and reporting cases worldwide using the methods described in this book

Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles

Forensic Practitioner s Guide to the Interpretation of Complex DNA Profiles
  • Author : Peter Gill,Øyvind Bleka,Oskar Hansson,Corina Benschop,Hinda Haned
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2020-06-10
  • Total pages : 530
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Over the past twenty years, there’s been a gradual shift in the way forensic scientists approach the evaluation of DNA profiling evidence that is taken to court. Many laboratories are now adopting ‘probabilistic genotyping’ to interpret complex DNA mixtures. However, current practice is very diverse, where a whole range ...

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing Interpretation

Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing  Interpretation
  • Author : John M. Butler
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-28
  • Total pages : 608
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing: Interpretation builds upon the previous two editions of John Butler’s internationally acclaimed Forensic DNA Typing textbook with forensic DNA analysts as its primary audience. Intended as a third-edition companion to the Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing volume published in 2010 and Advanced Topics in ...

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence
  • Author : Jane Moira Taupin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2019-11-14
  • Total pages : 162
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence is a handy guide to recent advances—and emerging issues—in interpreting complex DNA evidence and profiles for use in criminal investigations. In certain cases, DNA cannot be connected to a specific biological material such as blood, semen or saliva. How or when the DNA ...

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony
  • Author : Paul Roberts,Michael Stockdale
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release Date : 2018-11-30
  • Total pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Forensic science evidence plays a pivotal role in modern criminal proceedings. Yet such evidence poses intense practical and theoretical challenges. It can be unreliable or misleading and has been associated with miscarriages of justice. In this original and insightful book, a global team of prominent scholars and practitioners explore the ...

Handbook of Forensic Statistics

Handbook of Forensic Statistics
  • Author : David L. Banks,Karen Kafadar,David H. Kaye,Maria Tackett
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-11-05
  • Total pages : 570
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Handbook of Forensic Statistics is a collection of chapters by leading authorities in forensic statistics. Written for statisticians, scientists, and legal professionals having a broad range of statistical expertise, it summarizes and compares basic methods of statistical inference (frequentist, likelihoodist, and Bayesian) for trace and other evidence that links individuals ...

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial

Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial
  • Author : Jane Moira Taupin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-21
  • Total pages : 196
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Using Forensic DNA Evidence at Trial: A Case Study Approach covers the most common DNA analysis methods used in criminal trials today, including STR techniques, mitochondrial DNA, and Y-STRs. It presents some novel techniques—including familial testing and analyzing domestic animal hair—that have been recently introduced in unique cases, ...

Statistical DNA Forensics

Statistical DNA Forensics
  • Author : Wing Kam Fung,Yue-Qing Hu
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2008-04-15
  • Total pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Statistical methodology plays a key role in ensuring that DNA evidence is collected, interpreted, analyzed and presented correctly. With the recent advances in computer technology, this methodology is more complex than ever before. There are a growing number of books in the area but none are devoted to the computational ...

Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals

Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals
  • Author : Jane Moira Taupin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2017-07-27
  • Total pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : The use of DNA profiling in forensic cases has been considered the most innovative technique in forensic science since fingerprinting, yet for those with limited scientific knowledge, understanding DNA enough to utilize it properly can be a daunting task. Introduction to Forensic DNA Evidence for Criminal Justice Professionals is designed ...

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling
  • Author : Scott Bader
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2016-03-21
  • Total pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : The increasingly arcane world of DNA profiling demands that those needing to understand at least some of it must find a source of reliable and understandable information. Combining material from the successful Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science with newly commissioned and updated material, the Editors have used their own extensive ...

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science
  • Author : Richard Wortley,Aiden Sidebottom,Nick Tilley,Gloria Laycock
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-11-13
  • Total pages : 474
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Crime science is precisely what it says it is: the application of science to the phenomenon of crime. This handbook, intended as a crime science manifesto, showcases the scope of the crime science field and provides the reader with an understanding of the assumptions, aspirations and methods of crime science, ...

Forensic Science Education and Training

Forensic Science Education and Training
  • Author : Anna Williams,John Paul Cassella,Peter D. Maskell
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2017-04-12
  • Total pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : A comprehensive and innovative guide to teaching, learning and assessment in forensic science education and practitioner training Includes student exercises for mock crime scene and disaster scenarios Addresses innovative teaching methods including apps and e-gaming Discusses existing and proposed teaching methods...

The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Process

The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Process
  • Author : Darryl K. Brown,Jenia Iontcheva Turner,Bettina Weisser
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-02-22
  • Total pages : 952
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : The Oxford Handbook of Criminal Process surveys the topics and issues in the field of criminal process, including the laws, institutions, and practices of the criminal justice administration. The process begins with arrests or with crime investigation such as searches for evidence. It continues through trial or some alternative form ...

Statistics in the Law

Statistics in the Law
  • Author : Joseph B. Kadane
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2008-05-23
  • Total pages : 453
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : The book will serve primarily as a user's manual or desk reference for the expert witness-lawyer team and secondarily as a textbook or supplemental textbook for upper level undergraduate statistics students. It starts with two articles by masters of the trade, Paul Meier and Franklin Fisher. It then explains the ...

Handbook of Forensic Science

Handbook of Forensic Science
  • Author : Jim Fraser,Robin Williams
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-01-11
  • Total pages : 696
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : This Handbook aims to provide an authoritative map of the landscape of forensic science within the criminal justice system of the UK. It sets out the essential features of the subject, covering the disciplinary, technological, organizational and legislative resources that are brought together to make up contemporary forensic science practice....

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-29
  • Total pages : 3120
  • ISBN : 0128205687
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volumes 1-4, Second Edition is a pioneering four volume encyclopedia compiled by an international team of forensic specialists who explore the relationship between law, medicine, and science in the study of forensics. This important work includes over three hundred state-of-the-art chapters, with articles covering ...