Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Written By Anonim
Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Publsiher : Newnes
  • Release : 19 November 2013
  • ISBN : 0080983421
  • Pages : 648 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges written by Anonim which was release on 19 November 2013, this book published by Newnes. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services. Identifies current knowledge gaps and emerging research needs Highlights novel methodologies and integrated research concepts Assesses ecological meaning of investigations and prioritizing research need

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
GET BOOK

Summary : There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz,Mark Fenn,Steven McNulty,Fengming Yuan,Afshin Pourmokhtarian,Charles Driscoll,Tom Meixner
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : A review of the current status of air pollution and climate change (CC) in the United States from a perspective of their impacts on forest ecosystems is provided. Ambient ozone (O3) and nitrogen (N) deposition have important and widespread ecological impacts in U.S. forests. Effects of sulphurous (S) air ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Vivek Pandey,Elina Oksanen,Nandita Singh,Chhemendra Sharma
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : The air pollution and greenhouse gas emission problem has been exacerbated in India due to large population increase and rapid economic growth. The Indo-Gangetic Plains of Northern India, one of the most fertile regions of the world, has become one of the most polluted regions. The region has emerged as ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : This chapter outlines the aims and scope of the book. An introduction is given to the current status of knowledge which is presented on the topic of the book. Arguments are presented for writing the book, in view of continued, long-term and process-based research needed for mitigating ecological and socio-economic ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Dieter Ernst
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : This chapter focuses on the ozone-affected transcriptional responses of juvenile and mature trees under controlled greenhouse and free-air exposure systems. Transcriptional changes are compared to proteomic and metabolite analyses, and short-term changes (acute exposure) to long-term effects (chronic exposure). Free-air exposure systems designed to scale up molecular studies of ozone ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Hojka Kraigher,Marko Bajc,Tine Grebenc
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Mycorrhizal fungi have evolved with their plant partners and enabled them with better growth in stressed and disturbed environments by better nutrient acquisition and protection against pathogens. Any stress or disturbance belowground is reflected first in changes in mycorrhizal community structure. The complex mycorrhizal networks and interactions among mycorrhizosphere organisms ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Pavel Cudlín,Josef Seják,Jan Pokorný,Jana Albrechtová,Olaf Bastian,Michal Marek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Forests provide many supporting, regulating and cultural services. Extensive environmental changes have resulted in a substantial loss or degradation of forest ecosystem services (ES). Unclear interactions of climate-change phenomena make it difficult to estimate forest ES. Research on interactive effects of climate change and air pollution has become a central ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Elena Paoletti,Wim de Vries,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Andreas Ibrom,K.S. Larsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Yussuf Serengil,I. Yurtseven,Gerhard Wieser,Rainer Matyssek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Untangling the complex effects that different air pollution and climate change factors cause to forest ecosystems is challenging. Supersites, that is, comprehensive measurement sites where research and monitoring of the whole soil–plant–atmosphere system can be carried out, are suggested as a refinement of the current monitoring and research ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Takayoshi Koike,Makoto Watanabe,Yasutomo Hoshika,Mitsutoshi Kitao,Hideyuki Matsumura,R. Funada,Takeshi Izuta
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Air pollution, especially ozone, in East and Southeast Asia is considered to be more serious than in Europe and North America. An increase in ozone concentration may lead to adverse effects on forest trees in East and Southeast Asia where we have high species richness. Although some information on the ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Maria Nijnik,David Miller
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Contemporary societies expect a range of services (including of carbon sequestration) to be supplied from forest ecosystems. Their growing societal importance is clearly reflected in policies. The conceptual framework for the states that people are integral parts of ecosystems and that a dynamic interaction exists between them and other parts ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Hannele Hakola,Per Erik Karlsson,David Simpson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : The air pollution load to northern European forests is changing as a result of emission reductions. Climate change modifies this load, either directly via atmospheric processes or indirectly by affecting emission patterns. We estimate the risk of harmful effects due to tropospheric ozone and nitrogen deposition in present and future ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Alessandra R. Kozovits,Mercedes M.C. Bustamante
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Over recent decades, climate changes, especially revealed through alteration in rainfall patterns, with apparent intensification of the dry season, have been documented throughout Latin America. At the same time, this region of the globe has displayed strong economic growth along with profound changes in land use and emission of air ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Thomas Knoke,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Conclusions from the individual chapters are integrated into a synopsis, covering achievements and perspectives, and linking challenges for natural and social sciences, provisioning ecosystem services (ESs) under environmental change. The required research and policy making are facilitated by novel understanding of ecosystem functioning and internal factorial interactions with the atmosphere. ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : John King,Lingli Liu,Michael Aspinwall
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Goods and services provided by forests will be needed in greater amounts in the coming decades, yet are threatened by climate change and air pollution. In this chapter, we survey the peer-reviewed literature on elevated atmospheric CO2 (eCO2) and tropospheric O3 (eO3) interaction experiments, and discuss implications of results for ...

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Gerhard Wieser,Frank Fleischmann,Ludger Grünhage
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-11-19
  • Total pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0080983421
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Summary : Empirical evidence underlines enhanced ground-level O3 regimes as components of global change, although interaction responses of forest trees and ecosystems have only recently been addressed by research. One case study is the tree-level Kranzberg Forest Experiment, having been resumed for envisioning “next-generation” ecosystem-level O3 research. Quantifying enhanced O3 impact is ...