Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Written By Christopher T Robertson
Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Publsiher : Academic Press
  • Release : 30 January 2016
  • ISBN : 0128026332
  • Pages : 388 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled Blinding as a Solution to Bias written by Christopher T Robertson which was release on 30 January 2016, this book published by Academic Press. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, politicians, and scientists has been recognized for hundreds of years and drawn attention from media and scholars seeking to understand the role that conflicts of interests and other psychological processes play. However, commonly proposed solutions to biased decision-making, such as transparency (disclosing conflicts) or exclusion (avoiding conflicts) do not directly solve the underlying problem of bias and may have unintended consequences. Robertson and Kesselheim bring together a renowned group of interdisciplinary scholars to consider another way to reduce the risk of biased decision-making: blinding. What are the advantages and limitations of blinding? How can we quantify the biases in unblinded research? Can we develop new ways to blind decision-makers? What are the ethical problems with withholding information from decision-makers in the course of blinding? How can blinding be adapted to legal and scientific procedures and in institutions not previously open to this approach? Fundamentally, these sorts of questions—about who needs to know what—open new doors of inquiry for the design of scientific research studies, regulatory institutions, and courts. The volume surveys the theory, practice, and future of blinding, drawing upon leading authors with a diverse range of methodologies and areas of expertise, including forensic sciences, medicine, law, philosophy, economics, psychology, sociology, and statistics. Introduces readers to the primary policy issue this book seeks to address: biased decision-making. Provides a focus on blinding as a solution to bias, which has applicability in many domains. Traces the development of blinding as a solution to bias, and explores the different ways blinding has been employed. Includes case studies to explore particular uses of blinding for statisticians, radiologists, and fingerprint examiners, and whether the jurors and judges who rely upon them will value and understand blinding.

Blinding as a Solution to Bias

Blinding as a Solution to Bias
  • Author : Christopher T Robertson,Aaron S Kesselheim
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2016-01-30
  • Total pages : 388
  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : What information should jurors have during court proceedings to render a just decision? Should politicians know who is donating money to their campaigns? Will scientists draw biased conclusions about drug efficacy when they know more about the patient or study population? The potential for bias in decision-making by physicians, lawyers, ...

Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students

Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students
  • Author : Thangamani A Ramalingam,Senthil NS Kumar
  • Publisher : Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers
  • Release Date : 2018-11-16
  • Total pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Download or read online Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students written by Thangamani A Ramalingam,Senthil NS Kumar, published by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers which was released on 2018-11-16. Get Essentials of Research Methodology for all Physiotherapy and Allied Health Sciences Students Books ...

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials

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  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2010-09-09
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : The clinical trial is “the most definitive tool for evaluation of the applicability of clinical research.” It represents “a key research activity with the potential to improve the quality of health care and control costs through careful comparison of alternative treatments” [1]. It has been called on many occasions, “the gold ...

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  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-13
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : One of the most crucial skills a clinician, scientist, or student can learn is to create, conduct, and interpret the conclusions of a clinical study. Critical Thinking in Clinical Research teaches these fundamentals in four distinct sections, called "units": the first unit focuses on issues surrounding the design of a ...

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  • Publisher : Unknown
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : This fourth edition text has been revised and updated and includes several new chapters on pregnancy. It also includes: mechanical ventilation; clinical decision making; interhospital transfer; disaster management; lupus and vasculitis, clinical forensics and hyperbaric oxygen....

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  • Release Date : 2008
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Here you'll find more than 500 entries from the world's leading experts in the field on the basic concepts, methodologies, and applications in clinical trials. The range of topics includes: basic statistical concepts, design and analysis of clinical trials, ethics, regulatory issues, and methodologies for clinical data management and analysis...

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  • Release Date : 2016-12
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Behaviorally informed health policy? : patient autonomy, active choosing, and paternalism / Cass R. Sunstein -- Three choice architecture paradigms for healthcare policy / Russell Korobkin -- Can behavioral economics save healthcare reform? / Alan M. Garber -- Seven ways of applying behavioral science to health policy / Michael Hallsworth -- What can PPACA teach ...

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Clinical Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1986
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Download or read online Clinical Medicine written by , published by which was released on 1986. Get Clinical Medicine Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

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  • Author : John P. Geyman,Richard A. Deyo,Scott D. Ramsey
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann Medical
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Univ. of Washington, Seattle. Succinct text on the application of evidence-based medicine to everyday practice. For primary care physicians, residents, fellows and medical students. Covers evaluating medical literature and clinical guidelines, self-learning skills, and cost and outcome techniques. Eleven of the seventeen chapters have been previously published. (Product description)....

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  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1998
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Download or read online The Skeptical Inquirer written by , published by which was released on 1998. Get The Skeptical Inquirer Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

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  • Author : Commerce Clearing House
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1979
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Summary : Download or read online Food Drug Cosmetic Law Reporter written by Commerce Clearing House, published by which was released on 1979. Get Food Drug Cosmetic Law Reporter Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : In an arena which has seen rapid change over the past decade, this work provides a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the planning, organization and management of clinical trials....

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Summary : Download or read online The Inside Story of Medicines written by Gregory Higby,Elaine Condouris Stroud, published by which was released on 1997. Get The Inside Story of Medicines Books now! Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle....

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  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann Medical
  • Release Date : 2000
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : Statistics is traditionally perceived to be a difficult topic, however, it is essential for the trainee to develop a basic understanding of its fundamental principles. This book is designed to help the reader systematically learn the basics, using real examples from anaesthetic and intensive care literature to illustrate the principles ...

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  • Publisher : Michael Glazier Books
  • Release Date : 1994
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  • ISBN : 0128026332
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Summary : "Reality and Illusion in New Testament Scholarship is a basic introduction to the theory of interpretation and theory of history for New Testament readers, students, and scholars. It offers an entry into the thought of the late, great Bernard Lonergan on insight and judgment, subjectivity and objectivity, horizons and changes ...