Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Written By Celia Holland
Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Publsiher : Newnes
  • Release : 09 May 2013
  • ISBN : 012397285X
  • Pages : 460 pages
  • Rating : 4/5 from 21 reviews
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Read or download book entitled Ascaris The Neglected Parasite written by Celia Holland which was release on 09 May 2013, this book published by Newnes. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle Format. Book excerpt: This book tackles a number of different perspectives concerning the parasitic helminth Ascaris, both in animals and in humans and the disease known as ascariasis. It seeks to identify interesting, exciting and novel aspects, which will interest readers from a broad range of disciplines. Over a quarter of the world's population are infected with the human roundworm, and the equivalent in pigs is equally ubiquitous. Both contribute to insidious and chronic nutritional morbidity, and this has been quantified, in humans, as disability adjusted life years approximating 10.5 million. Ascaris larvae develop in host parenteral tissues, and the resultant pathology has been condemnation. Ascariasis, despite its staggering global prevalence and the sheer numbers of people it infects, remains a classic neglected disease. However, renewed interest in the consequences of early infection with worms from the perspective of immune modulation, co-infections and the development of allergy further enhances the relevance of these parasites. Brings together a wide range of topics and approaches and recent, comprehensive and progressive research concerning the neglected parasite Ascaris Provides a blueprint of how a single parasite entity can stimulate interest in basic biology, clinical science, veterinary science, public health and epidemiology Presents a wealth of new insights given that a book on this parasite has not been published for over 20 years 16 chapters from a range of top authors from around the world

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Celia Holland
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
GET BOOK

Summary : This book tackles a number of different perspectives concerning the parasitic helminth Ascaris, both in animals and in humans and the disease known as ascariasis. It seeks to identify interesting, exciting and novel aspects, which will interest readers from a broad range of disciplines. Over a quarter of the world's ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Martin Walker,Andrew Hall,María-Gloria Basáñez
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : In the context of the current unprecedented momentum and commitment to control neglected tropical diseases, and the increased advocacy of anthelmintic mass drug administration (MDA), there are renewed calls for research and development into the epidemiology and population biology of helmintic parasites to be embedded at the core of intervention ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Simon J. Brooker,Rachel L. Pullan
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Ascariasis is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) affecting 763 million people worldwide, with nutritional and developmental consequences of chronic childhood infection and severe clinical disease occurring in heavy infections. Reliably estimating the extent of the problem of Ascaris lumbricoides and ascariasis is difficult because of inaccuracies in parasitological diagnosis, the non-specificity ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Stig Milan Thamsborg,Peter Nejsum,Helena Mejer
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : The roundworm Ascaris suum is a highly prevalent intestinal parasite of pigs worldwide, and the infection may have low to moderate pathogenic effects on health and productivity. Besides these direct effects, there may be indirect effects on enhanced susceptibility or pathogenicity to bacterial or viral infections, related to the migratory ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Johnny Vlaminck,Peter Geldhof
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Roundworms are the most prevalent parasite of swine in the world today. Their presence on a pig farm can have detrimental effects on farm profitability due to their impact on growth rate, feed conversion, and general health of the produced pigs. For farmers, it is therefore essential to be aware ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : T. Déirdre Hollingsworth,James E. Truscott,Roy M. Anderson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Mathematical models are playing an increasing role in the design and optimization of control programs for many infectious diseases. In the case of Ascaris lumbricoides, there is a long history of models to understand the biology and epidemiology and to design control programs. We outline the key insights which models ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Celia V. Holland,Jerzy M. Behnke,Christina Dold
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Larval ascariasis is much less well understood than adult worm infection. Part of the explanation for this is the difficulty in assessing the impact of larval infections in human subjects. In contrast, adult worms can be counted after post-chemotherapeutic expulsion or, additionally, eggs voided in host feces can be quantified ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Philip J. Cooper,Camila A. Figuieredo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Natural infections with Ascaris lumbricoides and A. suum of pigs and humans, respectively, have a worldwide distribution. Ascaris infections induce strong Th2 responses in the host that appear to be central to the development of protective immunity. Th2 responses may be modulated actively through a complex host–parasite interaction that ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Antony O.W. Stretton,Aaron G. Maule
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : The structural simplicity of nematode nervous systems has provided a useful resource for studies on basic neurobiology. Two species have underpinned basic neuroscience research in phylum Nematoda, the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the pig parasitic nematode Ascaris suum due to their genetic tractability and large size, respectively. The fact ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Martha Betson,Peter Nejsum,J. Russell Stothard
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : To better understand the epidemiology of ascariasis, molecular genetic methods have been applied to differentiate between worms found infecting people and pigs, and other occasional hosts. Owing to difficulties in applying species concepts, the longstanding debate of the distinction(s) between Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum continues. From an applied ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Antonio Montresor,Albis Francesco Gabrielli,Lorenzo Savioli
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Experiences from Japan and Korea demonstrated that when a country is developing economically, the periodic administration of anthelmintic (preventive chemotherapy) drastically reduces soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) and these advances are then maintained by increasing sanitation standards; both countries eliminated the morbidity due to STH in less than a decade. The situation ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Luis Caraballo
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Ascaris lumbricoides infects humans causing ascariasis. The immune response to this helminth shares mechanisms with the allergic reaction and may influence the natural history of allergy phenotypes. The high levels of total IgE associated with ascariasis restrict the use of this test in the diagnosis of allergy. Also, the immunological ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Francisca Abanyie,Tracey J. Lamb
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Co-infection with other pathogens is a common occurrence in Ascaris-infected individuals and it is generally accepted that co-infection is not inconsequential to the host. Interactions in the immune responses generated to each pathogen can, in certain situations, alter the pathogenesis and progression of a co-infecting pathogen in an Ascaris-infected host. ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Malcolm W. Kennedy
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : In comparison with other helminths that afflict humans on a global scale, Ascaris lumbricoides and ascariasis are relatively under-researched in terms of the proteins and other products to which the parasites expose their hosts. The reputation of the parasite as a source of potent allergens, and the recognition that immune ...

Ascaris The Neglected Parasite

Ascaris  The Neglected Parasite
  • Author : Sarah Williams-Blangero,Mona H. Fenstad,Satish Kumar,John Blangero
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release Date : 2013-05-09
  • Total pages : 460
  • ISBN : 012397285X
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Summary : Ascaris infections remain major global public health problems despite the wide availability of cheap, effective anthelminthic drugs. An improved understanding of host susceptibility to Ascaris infection may suggest new approaches for targeting available drugs more effectively, or may suggest novel targets for drug development efforts. This chapter explores our current ...